Painted terracotta sarcophagus and lid, decorated inside and out with scenes of horsemen, chariots, fights, animals and geometric patterns. It was built up in sections, and probably fired in a large tile-kiln. LID Outside Head end. Triangular panel divided horizontally - 1. sphinxes; 2. centaurs with dogs: the panel is also divided vertically by a painted column with a volute capital of Aeolic type, and below each frieze is a band of broken meander. On the border above the upper sides of the panel, rays; broken meander; egg and dart. Foot end. Similar, except that in panel: 1. youths running; 2. youths holding back horses. Right side. Panel divided into three friezes: 1. in centre two hoplites despatching an archer, converging from each side chariots racing and accompanied by dogs and flying youths, and on the far right a column (probably as on the face of the sarcophagus itself); 2. sphinxes and sirens; 3. battle between light cavalry and hoplites, dogs accompanying the horses: the panel is surrounded by a band of broken meander, and the friezes are separated by bands of alternating billets. On the border round the panel, meander and star. At the edge, astragal pattern. Left side. Similar, except that in panel: 1. in centre duel over fallen man, next on each side hoplites standing by, hoplite dragging woman into chariot, hoplite with horse, hoplite setting out in chariot; 2. animals (lion, panther, bull, boar, sow, goat, hare); 3. hoplite battle. Edge. Meander and star. Underside (i.e. the flat bearing surface). Headpiece. ?: below, a band of broken meander. Upper panel. 1. Hoplite standing by horse, column with volute capital of Aeolic type; 2. sirens: between the two fields, a band of broken meander. The sirens have the forelegs of sphinxes. The left panel is lost. Sidepiece. Vertical strip of volute and palmette, and on each side of it rosettes reserved on dark ground, broken meander, square and four: at each end, bands of broken meander and of square and four. Lower panel. 1. Sphinxes; 2. hoplites attacking archer: between the two fields, a band of broken meander. Footpiece. In centre duel over fallen man, then on each side a hoplite standing by, chariot group, youth holding back horse: above, band of broken meander; below, bands of broken meander and of square and four. What looks like another scabbard projects below the shield of each bystander: it is best explained by carelessness. Inside Two friezes of meander and star; upper part underrated. SARCOPHAGUS Outside. Edge. Meander and star. Moulding. Leaf and tongue, with dot-rosettes in the lower intervals. Walls. Panel painted dark: on the border all round it, meander and star. Face. Headpiece, sidepieces, and footpiece. Racing chariots converging on youth or hoplite, dogs below the horses; on the sidepieces at each end a mounting hoplite, a youth, and a column with volute capital of Aeolic type supporting a dinos. Each frieze is bordered with a band of meander and solid square. Inside. Edge. Meander and star. Moulding. Leaf and palmette. Walls. Panels, above and below which a continuous band of meander and star. In the panels at head and foot, hoplite flanked by two other hoplites who hold back horses; dogs run below the horses. In the panels at the sides, at the centre a duel accompanied by a flautist, and on either side a helmeted man moving towards a chariot, a dancer with castanets, and another chariot: other men in helmets offer whips to the charioteers. In the space to each side of every panel a larger hoplite faces his partner on the adjacent wall: these figures stand on bands of square and four.

An00006792 001 l

Thing

Made Of
terracotta
Type of Thing
sarcophagus
Subject
musician, siren, sphinx, battle, equestrian, centaur, charioteer/chariot, mammal
Techniques
painted
Ware
Clazomenian

Place

Found In
Clazomenae
In Gallery
G13
Made In
Clazomenae

Time

Acquired In
1896
Made
510BC-480BC
Period/Culture
East Greek

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label Exhibition Related Event About the Works Of Depicted Depicted Depicted Previous Owner In Inscription Place Depicted Inscribed With From About Authority (?) Inscription By In Series dimension_depth dimension_diameter dimension_thickness By Ethnic Group Found, Excavated, Collected By inscription_note Author Calligrapher Designer Artist Influenced By Likely / Unlikely (?) Maker Painter Painted In Photographer Printmaker Publisher Published In px_condition Exhibition History px_object_exhibition_label School title_translation

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